Organic farming demonstrates that rich and fertile soil is a living medium which contains lots of carbon in the form of humus and organic matter.
With a dedication to building healthy soils, we can remove excess carbon (in the form of Carbon Dioxide) from the atmosphere – where it contributes significantly to harmful global warming – and put it in the soil where it belongs.
Society would thereby benefit from nutritionally superior food crops which would also be naturally resistant to insects and disease. The world’s environment would benefit from increased stability and resilience – measured as resistance to drought and excessive rains – brought about by all that valuable carbon-centric organic matter in the soil. Jim
“This leaves us in a bit of a bind. But while engineers are scrambling to come up with grand geo-engineering schemes, they may be overlooking a simpler, less glamorous solution. It has to do with soil.
“Soil is the second biggest reservoir of carbon on the planet, next to the oceans. It holds four times more carbon than all the plants and trees in the world. But human activity like deforestation and industrial farming – with its intensive ploughing, monoculture and heavy use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides – is ruining our soils at breakneck speed, killing the organic materials that they contain. Now 40% of agricultural soil is classed as “degraded” or “seriously degraded”. In fact, industrial farming has so damaged our soils that a third of the world’s farmland has been destroyed in the past four decades.
“As our soils degrade, they are losing their ability to hold carbon, releasing enormous plumes of CO2 into the atmosphere.
“There is, however, a solution. Scientists and farmers around the world are pointing out that we can regenerate degraded soils by switching from intensive industrial farming to more ecological methods…”